And slacken not in seeking these people. If you suffer, they too suffer as you suffer. But you hope from Allah what they hope not. And Allah is All-Knowing, Wise. (4:105)
The allegation against 4:105 is that it commands the Muslims to remain in pursuit of the disbelievers to and that it advocates ongoing violence against disbelievers. The Muslims would ‘hope’ for a reward for fighting disbelievers whereas the disbelievers will be denied any such reward.
The context of this verse is to fight with valor and determination during wartime against those who attacked and persecuted Muslims for the purpose of destroying Islam and the fundamental values of freedom of conscience and human rights enshrined in its teachings. By reading the verses before 4:101-104 (given below) one can readily establish that the context here is precautionary provisions for shortening prayers and praying in turns etc. during wartime when the enemy is in pursuit and may be nearby. The verses are also encouraging the Muslim soldiers not to dampen their spirits given the harsh conditions and environment as the enemy is affected by the same conditions.
And when you journey in the land, it shall be no sin on you to shorten the Prayer, if you fear that those who disbelieve may give you trouble. Verily, the disbelievers are an open enemy to you. (4:102)
And when thou art among them, and leadest the Prayer for them, let a party of them stand with thee and let them take their arms. And when they have performed their prostrations, let them go to your rear, and let another party, who have not yet prayed, come forward and pray with thee; and let them take their means of defence and their arms. The disbelievers wish that you be neglectful of your arms and your baggage that they may fall upon you at once. And it shall be no sin on you, if you are in trouble on account of rain or if you are sick, that you lay aside your arms. But you should always take your means of defence. Surely, Allah has prepared an humiliating punishment for the disbelievers. (4:103)
And when you have finished the Prayer, remember Allah while standing, and sitting, and lying on your sides. And when you are secure from danger, then observe Prayer in the prescribed form; verily Prayer is enjoined on the believers to be performed at fixed hours. (4:104)
And slacken not in seeking these people. If you suffer, they too suffer even as you suffer. But you hope from Allah what they hope not. And Allah is All-Knowing, Wise. (4:105)
The verse stating that Muslims have a hope from Allah which disbelievers do not means that Muslims are engaged in a just fight to protect fundamental values and principles of freedom of conscience and the right to practice one’s religion. By believing they are fighting in a just war against the forces of oppression upon God’s command, they can hope for God’s help and reward, and gain the countenance of their Lord which is not a psychology the enemy would possess.